In this section, we are providing 8 English translations of the Quran.
Muslims regard ONLY the original Arabic Quran
as a holy scripture. Translations of the Quran are
done by human translators; therefore, Muslims do not consider any translation of
the Quran as a
The translations were done by:
1. Muhammad Taqi-ud-Din al-Hilali, 1893-1987 and Muhammad Muhsin Khan, 1926-?
2. Maulana Muhammad Ali, 1876-1951 (He is
3. Marmaduke William Muhammad Pickthall, 1875-1936
4. Rashad Khalifa, 1935-1990 (He claimed
to be a Messenger)
5. Muhammad Sarwar
6. Mohamedali Habib Shakir, 1904-1959
7. Sher Ali, ?-1947
8. Abdullah Yusuf Ali, 1872-1953
Note: Most of these translators have Pakistani/Indian background, except for Rashad Khalifa who
is Egyptian and Marmaduke Pickthall who is a British convert to Islam.
Structure & Divisions of the
The Quran has 114 Suras (chapters). Each Sura (chapter) consists of several
Ayaat (verses). So, each verse in the Quran is called "Aya" (which the singular
form of Ayaat). Some chapters are very short while others are long.
By the way, the word "Aya" has been used in the Quran to mean "Sign from
God". So, each verse of the Quran is indeed a "Sign from God".
The total number of verses in the Quran is
6348. This includes 112 unnumbered بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ
the name of Allah the most Compassionate, most Merciful
), also known as Basmalahs, which occur at the beginning of the Suras.
Without the unnumbered Basmalahs, the total number of verses in the
Quran is 6236.
Note that بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيم
starts all Suras, except Sura Tawba (Chapter 9) (which does not contain بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيم
at all, but this Basmala occurs within Sura Al-Naml (Chapter
27) in verse 30, where it prefaces a letter from Prophet Solomon to Bilqis,
the Queen of Sheba. Furthermore, Sura
Al-Fatiha (Chapter 1) is the only Sura that starts with a numbered
So, the total number times بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيم
is mentioned in the Quran is 114 (112 times unnumbered at the beginning of
112 Suras + 1 time numbered at the beginning of Sura Fatiha + 1 time
inside Sura Al-Naml).
Sura Tawba (Chapter 9) consists of 129 verses, and not 127
verses as advocated by Rashad Khalifa and his followers.
Recently, Mr. Kourosh
Jamneshan, who is from Iran, has made an amazing numerical
discovery that confirms the total number of verses (6236 verses) of
today's Quran is accurate. Therefore, there are NO Satanic Verses in
The Table shown below
illustrates this numerical analytical discovery of Kourosh Jamneshan.
For more information about Kourosh Jamneshan's discoveries, visit his
site : www.amazing19.com .
Note that the "Sum " in
this table is = Chapter (Sura) Number + Number of Verses
in that Chapter (Sura). Then, this Sum is either classified as an "Even"
number or an "Odd" number. At, the bottom of the table, he
shows the total sum of the numbers.
The conclusions that can be
reached are the following:
(a) The number of the "Even Sums"
is57 and the number of the "Odd Sums" is also
(b) The Total
of the "Even Sums" is6236which is equal to the Number of Verses of the
of the "Odd Sums" is6555 which is equal to the Sum of the Chapter (Sura)
The last Sura revealed (meaning the 114th according to the order of
revelation) to Prophet Muhammed
صلى الله عليه وسلم
was Sura Al-Nasr (Triumph) (Chapter 110), but the number of this Sura in the
Quran is 110. It consists of three verses. Furthermore, this Sura
consists of 19 Arabic words and the first verse consists of 19 Arabic
A quick observation is that Sura 110 has 3 numbered verses and one
unnumbered verse. If we add the number of this Sura in the Quran, meaning
110 to the total number of verses in it, we get: 110 + 3 + 1 =114 which is the
total number of the Suras in the Quran.
So in the last revealed Sura to the Prophet Muhammad
صلى الله عليه وسلم
,God embedded his code to confirm the total number of both the verses and
the Suras of the Quran.
Several methods have been
devised by Muslims to divide the Quran:
The Quran can be divided into 4 quarters based on the
themes. Each quarter begins with the words “Alhamdulillah” (All praises are
The first quarter begins with Surah Fatiha and ends with Surah
Ma’idah. This part mainly discusses the concept of Allah being the Sole
and Only Creator of everything. Maulana Husain in his book titled Mawaahibur Rahmaan
(Vol. 1, pg. 3) quotes the following from Imam Rabbani, who transmits it from Ali (r.a.). He says that
the knowledge of the universe and that of the Quran is found in Surah
The second quarter begins with Surah An’am and extends until the
end of Surah Bani Israel. The central theme of this part is that Allah is
the Only One Who is responsible for caring and nurturing everything after
The third quarter begins with Surah Kahf and continues until the
end of Surah Ahzaab. This part revolves around the discussion that Allah
has complete power to control and administer the affairs of the universe
as He pleases. It emphasises that He is the Supreme Sovereign and none can
be partner to Him.
The fourth quarter begins with Surah Saba and extends until the end
of the Quran. This part mainly discusses the fact that Allah shall be the
Master and Supreme Judge on the Day of Qiyamah and no intercessor can
overrule His decree.
While all these themes have been discussed in great detail in the
respective parts of the Quran, they are all summarized in Surah Fatiha.
“Alhamdulillah” makes mention of the first part. It includes Allah’s name,
which tells us that He is the Creator of everything. This is so because
the mention of Allah’s name compels one to acknowledge this fact.
“Rabbil Alameen” makes mention of the second theme.
“Ar Rahman ar Raheem” indicates the third theme because only The
One who has these qualities of forgiveness and mercy can control the
universe so perfectly.
“Maliki Yawmi Deen” alludes to the theme discussed in the fourth part
of the Quran.
Ibn Kathir has written the same thing when he says that Surah Fatiha is
the essence of the Quran and this essence lies in the words, “We only
worship You and only seek assistance from You.”
-Taken from “Quran Made Easy” by Mufti Afzal Hoosen Elias
(also known as Para or Siparah)
The Quran can be divided into 30 parts, of almost each length, each part is called Juz'.
That means each Juz' is 1/30ths of the Quran.
The following is a
comprehensive list of the Juz of the Qur'an:
Juz’ 1 – Al Fatiha 1 –
Al Baqarah 141
Juz’ 2 – Al Baqarah 142 - Al Baqarah 252
Juz’ 3 – Al Baqarah 253 - Al Imran 92
Juz’ 4 – Al Imran 93 - An Nisaa 23
Juz’ 5 – An Nisaa 24 - An Nisaa 147
Juz’ 6 – An Nisaa 148 - Al Ma’idah 81
Juz’ 7 – Al Ma’idah 82 - Al An’am 110
Juz’ 8 – Al An’am 111 - Al A’raf 87
Juz’ 9 – Al A’raf 88 - Al Anfal 40
Juz’ 10 – Al Anfal 41 - At Tauba 92
Juz’ 11 – At Tauba 93 - Hud 5
Juz’ 12 – Hud 6 - Yusuf 52
Juz’ 13 – Yusuf 53 – Ibrahim 52
Juz’ 14 – Al Hijr 1 – An Nahl 128
Juz’ 15 – Bani Isra’il 1 - Al Kahf 74
Juz’ 16 – Al Kahf 75 – Ta Ha 135
Juz’ 17 – Al Anbiyaa 1 - Al Hajj 78
Juz’ 18 – Al Muminun 1 - Al Furqan 20
Juz’ 19 – Al Furqan 21 - An Naml 55
Juz’ 20 – An Naml 56 - Al Ankabut 45
Juz’ 21 – Al Ankabut 46 - Al Ahzab 30
Juz’ 22 – Al Ahzab 31 - Ya Sin 27
Juz’ 23 – Ya Sin 28 - Az Zumar 31
Juz’ 24 – Az Zumar 32 - Fussilat 46
Juz’ 25 – Fussilat 47 - Al Jathiya 37
Juz’ 26 – Al Ahqaf 1 - Az Zariyat 30
Juz’ 27 – Az Zariyat 31 - Al Hadid 29
Juz’ 28 – Al Mujadila 1 – At Tahrim 12
Juz’ 29 – Al Mulk 1 - Al Mursalat 50
Juz’ 30 – An Nabaa 1 - An Nas 6
Divisions within a Juz'
Each Juz' has also been divided into smaller parts:
The Quran is divided 30 parts of
roughly equal division, each of which is called Juz'.
Each Juz consists of 2
sub-parts, each is called a Hizb. That means there are: 30 x 2
= 60 Hizbs.
Each Hizb is further divided into 4
Quarters, each Quarter of Hizb called in Arabic Rubu Hizb. That means there
are: 60 x 4 = 240 Rubu Hizb.
Ruku‘ an inclination of the head or bow. Basically in reciting the
Quran in Taraweeh, this is the point where the Imam make ruku for every
Ruku are sections of about ten verses or less, at which the devout
Muslim makes a bow of reverence; they are marked on the margin of the Qur’an with the letter ‘ain, with the number of the ruku over it.
Each Surah is divided into several sections known as Rukus. A Ruku
consists of a number of aayats all of which deal with one topic. There are
540 Rukus in the Quran. These Rukus of the Quran are relatively new
phenomena that did not exist at the time of Prophet Muhammad
صلى الله عليه وسلم,
nor at the time of his companions (r.a.), .
Around the 4th century of the Hijri calendar the Ulema of Bukhara (a city
in Uzbekstan) divided the entire Quran into 540 Rukus for Taraaweeh
purposes. They reckoned that if one Ruku is recited in each raka’at of the
Taraaweeh salaah, the Hafiz will finish the Quran exactly on the 27th
night of Ramadan.
The equation is as follows:
1 ruku per raka’at x 20 raka’ats = 20 Rukus per night x 27 nights = 540 rukus.
When devising these Rukus the Ulema made sure that Rukus contained aayats
of the same topic and theme.
They named it Ruku because the Hafiz goes into ruku after reciting it in
one raka’at of Taraaweeh salaah.
NOTE: It is not wajib or necessary to make ruku after reading a ruku in
Taraaweeh or any other salaah. One can make ruku at the end of any aayat.
These Rukus were formulated simply to ease matters for the hafiz during
These four divisions are denoted by the Arabic words being written in the
margin in the above mentioned locations.
The Quran is divided into 7 parts called Manazil. Each
Manzil consists of one seventh (1/7 th) of the Quran. Each of the Manazil is
short enough to be recited in one week. Aside from the division of the Quran
into 114 Suras (chapters), the Manazil are the only other division method
mentioned in the Hadith.
One would start from Fatiha on the first day and each day stop and
continue from the following locations until the whole Quran is complete over
the span of 7 days.
1) Surah Ma’idah (Chapter 5) verse 1
2) Surah Yunus (Chapter 10) verse 1
3) Surah Bani Israel or al-Israa (Chapter 17) verse 1
4) Surah Shu’ara (Chapter 26) verse 1
5) Surah Saffaat (Chapter 37) verse 1
6) Surah Qaf (Chapter 50) verse 1
7) Surah an-Nas (Chapter 114) verse 6
D. Divisions for Memorization
صلى الله عليه وسلم
said, "The Qur’an was revealed in one fifth part, whoever memorized it in
one fifth parts would not forget it. Except for Surah al An’am, which was
revealed in it’s entirety, seen off by seventy angels from each heaven until
they delivered it to the Prophet. Never has it been recited over a sick
person, without Allah granting him a cure." [Baihaqi & Khatib]
E. Groupings of the Quran
1. The 7 Ha Meems
Ibn Masud (radiAllahu anhu) said, ‘The ‘ha-meems’ are the embellishments of
[Hakim, Dhahabi, Ibn Al Mundhir & Baihaqi]
The messenger of Allah (salAllahu alayhi wasalam) said, Chapters beginning
with Ha-Meem are beautiful, fresh, fragrant, splendid meadows. Whosoever
desires to walk around in the meadows of Paradise should recite these surahs’
[Al-Tadhkar Fi Afdal Al-Adhkar by Imam al-Qurtubi]
NB: The ‘ha-meems’ refer to the seven Surahs which have ha-meem at the start
are: Surahs Ghafir or Al-Mu’min (40), Fussilat (or Ha-Meem) (41), Shura
(42), Zukhruf (43), Dukhan (44), Jathiyah (45), Ahqaf (46)
2. The Surahs of Glorification
The Prophet (salAllahu alayhi wasalam) used to recite Surahs of
Glorification before returning and he said that there is a verse in them
which is better than a thousand verses.
NB: These Surahs are: Al-Hadid, Al-Hashr, As-Saf, Al-Jum’ah and At-Tagabun
3. The Muffassal Surahs
For the Fajr prayer: Umar wrote to Abu Musa to recite tiwal muassal (from
Surah Muhammad 47 to Surah al-Buruj 82). (Tirmidhi)
For the Zuhr and Asr prayer: Umar wrote to Abu Musa to recite awsat mufassal
(from Surah al-Buruj 85 to Surah al-Bayyinah 98). (Tirmidhi)
For the Maghrib prayer: Umar wrote to Abu Musa to recite qisar mufassal
(from Surah al-Bayyinah 98 to Surah al-Nas 114). (Tirmidhi)
In the Hanafite way:
Tiwal al-Mufassal: Surah Hujurat to Sural al-Buruj
Awsat: from there to Surah al-Bayyinah
Qisar: from there to end.
Also Tabarak Muffassal is from Surah al-Mulk to the end of the Quran.
4. Sajdah Ayahs
There are a total of 15 ayahs in the Quran that we are recommended to make
sujud (put our head to the ground like in salat) immediately after we recite
these verses. Whether we be in salat and recite these verses or just on our
own- we are to say Allahu Akbar, make sujud and the usual tasbih and then
return back to as we were before we made sujud. There is also a dua for this
that one can say.
The following ayahs are where one is to make this sujud.
1) Surah al-Araf (7), v. 206
2) Surah al-Ra’d (13) v. 15
3) Surah al-Nahl (16) v. 49-50
4) Surah al-Isra or Bani Israel (17) v. 107-109
5) Surah Maryam (19) v. 58
6) Surah al-Hajj (22) v. 18
7) Surah al-Hajj (22) v. 77
8 ) Surah al-Furqan (25) v. 60
9) Surah al-Naml (27) v. 24-27
10) Surah al-Sajdah (32) v. 15
11) Surah Sad (38) v. 24
12) Surah Fussilat (41) v. 37-38
13) Surah al-Najm (53) v. 62
14) Surah al-Inshiqaq (84) v. 21
15) Surh al-Alaq or Iqra (96) v. 19
Some Mazahibs differ on some of these and might have additional ones, so it
would be good to cross-check with your Mazhab.
Certain Surahs are recommended to be recited before a Muslim starts reading
previously revealed Scriptures. Namely, if one wants to read the Torah of
Moses (p.b.u.h.) they should read Surah al-Fatiha. If one wishes to read the
Gospel of Jesus, than they should recite Surah al-Maidah. If one wishes to
recite the Psalms of David (p.b.u.h.), they should recite the Surahs
beginning with Ha Meem. And aside from these, Surahs Qaf to An-Nas are
Surahs that were revealed specifically, and especially for Muhammad
صلى الله عليه وسلم,
and are peculiar and distinguishing of our Ummah over previous Ummahs.
www.GlobalQuran.com This site features translations
of the Quran into other languages (such as Chinese, French, German, Italian,
Spanish, Turkish, etc.). Furthermore, you want to listen to recitation
of each Sura (Chapter) at :
2. www.QuranBrowser.com Online
translations of the Quran into English done by the same translators we feature
on our site, in addition to translations by non-Muslims such as A. J. Arberry
(published in 1955), Edward E. H. Palmer (published in 1980), J. M. Rodwell
(published in 1861), George Sale (published in 1734). In addition, it offers
transliteration of the Quran in Latin/English letters.
This is the site of a Jordanian Islamic research institute that features its own
contemporary English translation of the Quran and several online Quran Tafseer
( exegesis or interpretation of the Quran).